State of the Vatican City (Stato della Citta Vaticano), ecclesiastical state, seat of the Roman Catholic Church, and an enclave in Rome, is situated in Rome, Italy, on the west bank of the Tiber River. Nearby the Vatican are such important points of interest as Castel Sant’Angelo and famous Trastevere district.
The Vatican is the smallest fully independent nation-state in the whole world
This area was chosen because Rome was leveled after a fire in A.D. 64 and Emperor Nero executed St. Peter and other Christian scapegoats at the base of Vatican Hill, where they were buried in a necropolis. Vatican has its own passports, laws, bank, library etc.
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