The area of the Vatican City State is 44 square kilometers or 0.17031 square miles. The Vatican is the smallest republic or sovereign nation in the world and it houses all the highest governing bodies of the Roman Catholic Church, including the residence of the Pope. Today, the population is multinational and consists of about 900 people.
According to historical sequence, the Pope used to rule the Papal States, which included most of Italy. Catholic popes tried to stop Italy from becoming one country because they feared to lose the control of at least one of the Papal States. In 1861, Italy was unified under the King of Savoy, but Rome and Latium remained unconquered. On September 20, 1870, Italian troops invaded and Rome became capital of the new kingdom.
In 1929, Benito Mussolini decided to sign an agreement with the Holy See, called the Lateran Treaty, which established the Vatican State
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Author: Kate Zusmann
For the last 6 years I live in the Eternal City. Traveling, exploring new things, writing blogs, shooting vlogs are my main hobbies, but the thing that I like even more is to share my experience and thoughts with you!
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